8 hereditary dental problems you should know

1. Disorders of amelogenesi

Amelogenesis imperfecta is a disorder of tooth development, causing tooth enamel to become thinner and abnormally formed. It is transmitted from parents to children as a dominant trait. If one parent has the gene, it will be easily expressed in the offspring.

2. Genetic alterations of dentinogenesi

The expression of the mutation of the DSPP gene causes dentinogenesis imperfecta to occur. It doesn’t have the information needed for the proper development of teeth, making the teeth weaker, both milk and permanent teeth.

3. Cleft lip and palate

This craniofacial deformity is related to family history and is one of the most common hereditary dental problems. It occurs when the complete fusion of the lip or palate in the mouth does not occur during pregnancy, and they do not form properly.

4. Anodontia/ hypodontia

This congenital anomaly causes tooth loss since the permanent teeth do not develop and milk teeth may erupt occasionally. Between one and five missing teeth can be treated that affect one side of the mouth or both. Hypodontia alters the development of bones both in the upper and lower part of the mouth, generating space problems.

5. Malocclusion (bad bite)

Also known as the bad bite, this disorder causes the crowding of extra teeth or missing teeth. In either case, it causes the jaw to be misaligned. Cases not treated right away will progress to the temporomandibular jaw (TMJ), causing the person to have trouble chewing and speaking.

6. Gingival fibromatosis

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (GHF) is a pathology that directly affects the gums, causing an excessive increase in the size of gingival tissue. It presents in a generalized way, with a fibrous appearance, firm consistency, and both non-bleeding and asymptomatic. It can affect both men and women.

7. Oral cancer

This is undoubtedly one of the most serious but rare tooth disorders. It is sometimes triggered by excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco, usually in people over 40 years of age. But genetics can be involved. Initially, it may manifest as a red or white patch in the mouth.

8. Caries and periodontal disease

Sometimes, there is a greater genetic predisposition to present diseases or problems in the oral cavity. It is either due to a weak or deficient immune system, which makes it more difficult to fight bacteria, minimizing the adhesion of plaque to the teeth. Also, it is associated with diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases.

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