Gum Diseases: Signs And Symptom

What is gum disease?

Gum disease, or periodontitis, refers to inflammation and an infection that affects the tissues that surround and support the teeth. This occurs when the bacteria in plaque (a sticky film that forms on teeth) produce substances that inflame and irritate the gums. If this situation persists, the gums can move away from the teeth, forming pockets full of bacteria that further infect the periodontal tissue.

Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Gum disease has two main presentations: gingivitis and periodontitis. While gingivitis is a mild gum infection, periodontitis is an advanced and more damaging version. If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, leading to more serious damage and possible tooth loss.

Gum Disease and General Health

Recent research has shown that gum disease may be linked to heart problems, diabetes, and even premature birth. Bacteria present in inflamed gums can enter the bloodstream, affecting other organs and systems. 

Risk Factor  Inadequate oral hygiene: Not brushing and flossing regularly increases your risk. Smoking: It is one of the main factors in the development of gum disease. Hormonal changes: Pregnancy, menstruation, puberty and menopause can make gums more sensitive. Systemic diseases: Diabetes, heart disease, and cancer can increase the likelihood of gingival inflammation. Medicines: Some reduce salivary flow, decreasing natural protection against bacteria.

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