Dental extractions and Diabetes
Did you know that 29.1 million people living in the United States have diabetes? Diabetes is a systemic and degenerative disease that can affect many parts of the body, sometimes severely. Persons having this condition have a more susceptible immune system, their ability to fight bacteria is less.
Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to an increased risk of oral complications, which can negatively affect oral health. For example, it has been shown that the wounds of diabetics heal more slowly and are more prone to infection than those of non-diabetics. Also, people with diabetes sometimes experience a chronic inflammatory response, eventually leading to tissue damage or other problems.
So, you may wonder, can I have a tooth extraction if I have diabetes? The answer is yes. Diabetes can affect the health of your mouth, but if controlled and the right medication is taken, it will not pose any risk to your health.
There are a few considerations to keep in mind. The first thing is that you must inform your dentist about this condition in advance, to make sure that your glucose levels are normal before starting the procedure, and thus there is no risk of failure in the surgery. This is simply because patients with diabetes take longer to recover than non-diabetics, usually a period of two weeks. It is also important to tell him what medicines you take and, if you take insulin, when you took your most recent dose.
If your glucose levels are normal, the treatment can be carried out without major complications, like any other non-diabetic patient.
After the extraction, the dentist will probably prescribe a higher dose of antibiotics for a longer time, since because of the delay in healing time, there may be a risk of infection. Normally the antibiotic is started on the day of surgery and should be maintained for about seven to ten days.
Likewise, to ensure postoperative success, it is important to follow the following guidelines:
- Avoid smoking, consuming alcoholic beverages or irritating substances, and the use of mouthwashes with high alcohol content for the next 72 hours after the extraction.
- Check your blood sugar levels regularly. Good blood sugar control will also help your body fight any other bacterial or fungal infections in your mouth and help relieve dry mouth caused by diabetes.
- Use your diabetes-related medications as directed; changing to a healthier diet and even exercising more can help.
- Be sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day with a soft brush.
- If you wear any type of denture, clean it every day.
- Visit your dentist for regular checkups.
A person with diabetes can lead a completely normal life and benefit from the diversity of dental treatments offered today; they just have to follow good guidelines to avoid complications and ensure success.
So if you are considering this type of procedure but are having trouble controlling your blood glucose levels, at Channel Island Family Dental we have highly trained and professional experts who are ready to help you. If you have additional questions, please contact us or make an appointment.