Last Updated on January 3, 2023 by Dr Gustavo Assatourians DDS
Gingivitis or Periodontitis?
Gingivitis or periodontitis? If the tooth does not receive adequate care with good oral hygiene, rest assured the accumulated bacteria will cause gingivitis or periodontitis. In the initial stage, redness and swelling of the gums will be observed, continuing with the destruction of the supporting tissues of the tooth, periodontal ligament, and bone then continues with the mobility and loss of teeth.
What is Gingivitis
Gingivitis comes from the Latin term Gingiv which means: gum, and it is, which means swelling or inflammation of the gums. The gingiva is the part of the buccal mucosa surrounding the tooth, serving as protection or covering of the bone that supports the tooth. The healthy gum is pink and firm, with a fine margin and a border in the form of festoons or waves, which adjust to the contour of the teeth, leaving a space called the gingival sulcus.
Bacteria that cause gingivitis
In the oral cavity, there are bacteria located in the saliva, tongue, cheeks, and dental surfaces, especially in pits, and fissures of the teeth, and in the gingival sulcus, the dominant bacteria in the mouth are streptococci. Dental plaque or bacterial plaque is a complex union of bacteria firmly adhered to the dental surface, and they are deposited, in the first days, directly on the enamel. The bacterial population grows and then descends into the gingival sulcus.
Etiology of gingivitis
Gingivitis usually appears when hygiene is incorrect, but tobacco, pregnancy hormones, some diseases such as diabetes, and medications can also cause the disease.
Most frequent gingivitis sign
The most frequent sign of gingivitis is gum bleeding. If you notice that your gums bleed easily, you should go to your dentist as soon as possible so they can analyze the cause of the bleeding and can perform an early treatment. Periodontal disease not treated can cause tooth loss.
Untreated gingivitis can evolve into chronic gingivitis or periodontitis, formerly called pyorrhea. Periodontitis already involves tissue destruction and is a serious disease for the mouth, the gums will recede, and the supporting bones of the tooth will be destroyed, leaving the roots of teeth exposed causing sensitivity to cold or heat, affecting the aesthetics, mobility of the tooth, and most seriously, the loss or loss of teeth
Differences between gingivitis and periodontitis
Gingivitis or Periodontitis? Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums with bleeding. In contrast, periodontitis, in addition to bleeding, continues with the destruction of the bone, reducing the alveolar ridge, thus exposing the root of the tooth and initiating sensitivity to thermal changes, to later present tooth mobility and the loss of teeth.
Diabetes is a potential risk for periodontitis
According to studies by Wenche S. Borgnakke DDS MPH Ph.D., Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA First published May 8, 2020, summarizes that diabetes affects one in ten adults and the periodontal disease affects four out of ten adults in the US, and they are related, people with diabetes are more likely to suffer periodontal disease, affecting glycemic control and diabetes complications.
Ways to prevent gingivitis and periodontitis
The way to prevent gingivitis is to have excellent hygiene habits, good brushing techniques, constant flossing, and visit your dentist every four to six months for a dental check-up and cleaning.
If you have any questions about this or other topics, you can contact us at the Channel Islands Family Dental and on our Facebook Page. We look forward to your visit and will give you a timely diagnosis. Our dentists in Oxnard, Santa Paula, Ventura, and Port Hueneme will be able to guide you toward the best treatment to take care of your health and return your best smile.